Science point of view?

Some say orange and orange-extract are same, at least in terms of nutrition(like both of them share citric acid etc..). People take pride while expressing this as if this is conquering of chemistry of Orange. In general this reductionist talk is seen as being scientifically aware.

Now there is an another group of people of who say Orange and orange-extract are not same because latter does not capture every aspect of Orange. Even this kind of talk is seen as sign of being scientifically aware.

How convincing these arguments are depends on listener.

Well I think orange-extract captures only one character of Orange. It is like defining Gandhi as Indian while ignoring all other characteristics.